The Keoladeo National Park is the ideal destination for birdwatchers. It gets its name after a temple of Lord Shiva. It is just 29 sq. km. in area… but do not get misled by how small it seems, once you get inside you’ll find it to be an endless haven of beautiful birds and trees.

In fact, in the olden days, it was a royal duck-shoot reserve and Maharajas would lead hunting parties here. Then, in 1956, it was declared a wildlife sanctuary and upgraded to a national park, perhaps the smallest, in 1981.

Keoladeo is also listed as a Ramsar site. That is not all. It is a World Heritage site and an Important Bird Area (IBA).

India is truly blessed with great biodiversity and Keoladeo is proof of this. About 20 percent (approx. 400) bird species have been reported from this small area which is geographically several thousand times smaller than India! The mosaic of habitats that Keoladeo offers are the reason for this. About one-third of its area is a wetland and the rest is scrub, woodland, and grassland. Keoladeo is regarded as one of the finest heronries in India. 20 species of storks, herons, and egrets breed here in the month of monsoon (July-September). About one-third of the avifauna are residents and an equal number are migrants. Some others are local, summer or passage migrants.

The park is a favorite destination for bird photographers. There are a variety of habitats and life forms here. A large network of roads makes all nooks and corners of the park accessible to a wildlife enthusiast. One doesn’t need permissions or hiring of costly vehicles to move about. Moreover, it is quite close to town so one can conveniently make any number of visits. One can hire a bicycle, a rickshaw or can even enjoy watching the park’s wildlife on foot. So ‘small’ is not only beautiful but inexpensive and convenient as well!

Quick Facts :

  1. The Keoladeo park is popularly known as ’bird paradise’. Over 400 bird species have been recorded in the park.
  2. The park’s flora consists of 379 species of flowering plants of which 96 are wetland species.
  3. The mammalian fauna of KNP is equally rich with 27 identified species.
  4. Fish fauna of the park comprises 43 species, of which 37 enter the park.
  5. (Amphibians & Reptiles) Herpetofauna of KNP is very rich. Out of the 10 species of turtles that are seen in Rajasthan, 7 are present in the park.
  6. There are 5 lizards species.
  7. 13 snakes species & 7 species of Amphibians.


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